The Cold is the most brutal human examiner compatibility. Conflicts were overshadowed even with such legendary epic ice, as the expedition of Amundsen, Scott, Greeley, Pirie, Himalayan expedition Direnni-Furta. Perhaps only the great Nansen and his crew well-chosen “Fram” and a wonderful companion Johansson came down in history of humanity not only as a polar explorer, but above all as the ideal man.
So, the first task for the person starting out in the winter – is the selection of true and reliable companions. In addition to high moral qualities are required two conditions – an impeccable health and a good knowledge of the skis (sometimes, depending on the area of travel, and ski technique). However, these conditions are necessary but not sufficient. It is desirable that each participant is a professional in one or even several spheres – a repairman, photographer, doctor, etc. The roup as a whole should be filled up so that, in the words of the commander, “every soldier knew each maneuver.” Ski tourism is potentially dangerous for the group, which is composed of slackers, optional and irresponsible people. Of course, the presence of such individuals in any group does not give pleasure, but in the ski trip every one of them carries a disaster. Ski trip in itself is rich enough obstacles, adventure, surprises, so take the “potential accident” – is a luxury.
Not wanting to offend other kinds of tourism, it should still be noted that the ski trips is very important even selection of participants, the uniform load distribution and more or less the same employment throughout the camp work – from ski runs to resettlement camp. The paradox of the ski trip – most people feel comfortable on the track, the least – to a halt. Strangely enough, but the organization of a camp, stay on it and then collapse, selects a significant number of troops and more tiring than a normal suspension work. The reason is – cold. However, it should be noted that in recent years there has been a tendency to use new designs of tents, new types of insulation, lightweight stoves, litter, etc., are improved methods of handling and use of equipment. You can really count on is that the further development of this trend will help to reduce fatigue bivouac.
Another feature of the ski touring is heavy backpacks. Backpack tourist-skier weighs in an average of 15 – 25% more than the cargo it walking or mountain colleagues. The reason is a large number of heaters, spare clothes, radios, batteries, etc. In addition, the ski trip, as a rule, does not allow dietary supplement by hunting, fishing, etc. Hence – the heavy backpacks, and the need use a sledge, sledges, scraper. This method of transporting goods differs significantly from other ski trips, new techniques transported naturally gives rise to new kinds of equipment, fixtures, equipment – traction straps, cargo bags, removable rails, efficient hardware, etc.